Community colleges (CCs) continue to be the most popular entry point to U.S. higher education for Vietnamese students. Vietnam ranks 2nd behind South Korea in international student enrollment at CCs and 80% of the student visas issued by the U.S. Consulate General are for CC-bound students, according to an official source. That’s the good news.
The bad news is that the visa refusal rate for Vietnamese students admitted to U.S. CCs is considerably higher than for other types of schools and programs. Why? As the initiated know, there are three basic requirements “that must be met by each student who applies for a student visa to the U.S. They are:
You must be a bona fide (serious) student with serious study intentions: Since you are applying for a student visa, it is expected that your purpose in going to the U.S. is to study. The Consular officer will expect that you can answer basic questions about the school you will be attending, the course of study you plan to follow, your plans when you return to Viet Nam, how you decided on the school you have chosen, etc.
You must have adequate financial resources: You must be able to show the Consular officer that you have adequate financial resources to support you while you are studying in the U.S. The following are examples of acceptable financial documentation: scholarship, fellowship or financial aid award letter from the school you will be attending, family business records, tax records, real estate records or bank books. Bank statements are not accepted as supporting documentation demonstrating adequate financial resources.
You must show your intent to return to Viet Nam: When you apply for a student visa, it is understood that you are seeking permission to be in the United States for a period of time to complete your studies. When you have completed your studies it is expected that you will return to Viet Nam.
(Source: U.S. Embassy, Hanoi)
Wearing Two Hats: Consular Officers as Admission Officers
Since the first criterion states that the applicant must be a bona fide student and CCs have an open admission policy, consular officers are obliged to play the role of “admission officers,” according to one consular colleague. From the standpoint of the official standing on the other side of the window it’s much easier adjudicate a visa application from a student who has been admitted to a US school by virtue of various standardized test scores and other requirements. This is described as one of the challenges that consular officers face “when interviewing students heading to non-competitive colleges.”
The above scenario means that it is especially important for CC-bound students to make the case that they are indeed “serious students” who have a well-defined and logical plan. “I chose CC ‘X” for these reasons… I plan to study subject “X” at CC “X” for two years before transferring to a four-year school (if that’s the plan) to major in subject “X” before applying for Optional Practical Training (OPT) to gain professional experience in a field related to their major, pursue a graduate degree OR return home upon graduation to pursue a career in field “X.” Etc. This underscores the need for good visa interview-related information and advice provided by the admitting CC and other reputable sources.